(RxWiki News) The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has issued a warning for certain products used to clean and disinfect CPAP devices.
The agency said it has not approved any products that use ozone gas or ultraviolet (UV) light to clean, disinfect, or sanitize CPAP devices and accessories. Accessories include headgear, hoses, masks and tubing.
According to the FDA, there are risks associated with high amounts of ozone gas and UV light. These risks include irritation of breathing passages. This is especially a risk for those who already have underlying respiratory issues, such as asthma or allergies.
In order for ozone (O3), a gas, to kill harmful bacteria, it must be at such a high level that it is not safe for humans, the FDA noted.
Although the ozone gas is designed to stay inside the machine and its accessories, leaks and other issues can lead to unintended exposure. Even after the waiting period post-cleaning, high levels of ozone gas can remain in the CPAP machine and tubing, according to the FDA.
There have been reports of asthma attacks, cough, difficulty breathing, headaches, and nasal irritation after using ozone gas-based products to clean CPAP devices and accessories.
Although there have not been any reports indicating problems tied to products that use UV light to clean CPAP machines and accessories, there are still potential risks, such as skin burns, the FDA noted. Also, the UV light may not effectively clean the device.
CPAP machines, also known as continuous positive airway pressure machines, are devices used in patients who have obstructive sleep apnea. These devices help people with obstructive sleep apnea by keeping their airways open during sleep.
The manufacturers of CPAP devices recommend using mild soap and water to clean the device accessories.
Here are some other recommendations for cleaning CPAP devices and accessories:
- Always follow the instructions that come with your CPAP device and accessories. This includes the instructions for cleaning and replacing your CPAP machine and accessories.
- If you do not have the instructions, contact the manufacturer of your CPAP device or accessories.
- Speak with your health care provider if you have any questions or concerns.
- Seek medical attention if you have any injury from a product that claims to clean your device and associated accessories.
Speak with your health care provider if you have any questions.